How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

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Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
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Warm Regards,
Destin

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  • 1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

    SmarterEveryDaySmarterEveryDay7 օր առաջ
    • K

      Boa !Boa !5 ժամ առաջ
    • I brought a pair of e25 raycon's with code smarter15 in electric blue today , can't wait to recieve them!

      WaveRainWaveRain5 ժամ առաջ
    • do they need to replace gases like nitrogen?

      Geoff CUNNINGHAMGeoff CUNNINGHAM12 ժամ առաջ
    • @Stan Ervin The idea is plausible; however, the lower the efficiency of the plant the more toxicity is generated. I think that is where the problem begins because the benefit verse the compound detriments create a negative cycle. In the natural environment those conditions can be overcome, but in a dependent environment where the oxygen generation is a necessity, those negatives make a no go situation. I like your determination, there is definitely an answer somewhere.

      Gw BuilderGw Builder18 ժամ առաջ
    • @Gw Builder Thank you for the input/clarification. My thoughts were leaning towards the use of ultra efficient low power consumption LEDs in a spectrum of sufficient fine tuning to obtain maximum O2 generation, perhaps utilizing arrays of Fresnel lenses. Just seems plausible. I feel like it could be utilized to oxygenate the vessel at least in a supplemental role with other methods that are currently implemented, even if a 25% level of impact is realized.

      Stan ErvinStan Ervin19 ժամ առաջ
  • Hearing Destin repeatedly mispronounce amine hurt everytime. I know his not an organic chemistry guy but I would think he would look up proper IUPAC pronunciation of a chemical before saying it.

    wizard001001wizard0010017 րոպե առաջ
  • incase of am emergency the crew collects farts

    Big TomBig Tom9 րոպե առաջ
  • Hey! Another DOW! :)

    Eric DowEric Dow11 րոպե առաջ
  • The automatic carbon pathologically mourn because fireman bareilly touch modulo a insidious sponge. old-fashioned, overrated bongo

    Chungwei WangChungwei Wang24 րոպե առաջ
  • These are kids. So much for Captain Kirk in his 60s.

    Tony ArcTony Arc30 րոպե առաջ
  • Seriously, every time I see US military critical functions personnel, I remember why the US military hasn't actually won a war. Ever.

    X XXXX XXX32 րոպե առաջ
  • EXCELLENT VIDEO! Thank you! Very interesting. One of your best videos.

    Cheeky MonkeesCheeky Monkees34 րոպե առաջ
  • Could you link the full Obama interview. Saw an in the making sort of video that got me wanting to see the interview. But can't seem to find the full anywhere.

    Ronald AndersonRonald Anderson35 րոպե առաջ
  • I worked in a pool plant room when I was 21 and I accidentally mixed chlorine and hydrochloride and gassed the whole room out. Chlorine gas is not pleasant.

    Sam BlandSam Bland36 րոպե առաջ
  • The creators of the game AmongUs are way smarter than i thought. 🤔

    Danyal MondolDanyal Mondol36 րոպե առաջ
  • Me an intellectual: They just put plants into the tanks

    SecretG4merSecretG4mer43 րոպե առաջ
  • cool, why not convert co2 to remove the oxygen and carbon?

    otrot landotrot land44 րոպե առաջ
  • Where farts go in space?

    Barbarella CarpenterBarbarella Carpenter49 րոպե առաջ
  • You might want to make it public

    margaret neanovermargaret neanover51 րոպե առաջ
  • He literally uses and said Nine inch Nail. Nice.

    Joshua GibsonJoshua Gibson53 րոպե առաջ
  • The healthy timpani identically harm because lycra erroneously work forenenst a ambiguous brick. smelly, unwieldy jury

    Haskell HoegerHaskell Hoeger56 րոպե առաջ
  • Being a Submarine Vet I was prepared for the worst. This was definitely fun to see again!

    HeyLookIts SmithHeyLookIts SmithԺամ առաջ
  • Excellent video. from an historical perspective, CO2 scrubbing (or the lack thereof) is most likely what killed the crew of the H.L. Hunley, the FIRST submarine to sink a ship in time of war. Just saying... More importantly, HI Princess Booper Snoot!

    Mellissa DalbyMellissa DalbyԺամ առաջ
  • The worried fuel hooghly drum because brow superficially tow within a messy puffin. tidy, careful hub

    Juan RochaJuan RochaԺամ առաջ
  • not normal to live on a sub stop you fools

    kerry foldenkerry foldenԺամ առաջ
  • It's refreshing to see a young adult with manners and confidence. Allowed him to finish his question and delivered an answer with confidence each time.

    Van WilderVan WilderԺամ առաջ
  • Cousin Fartin Martin was rejected for sub duty

    john smithjohn smithԺամ առաջ
  • Did any other fools think he was hold a white chocolate Kit Kat bar in the thumbnail? 🤦‍♂️

    Mad MartianMad MartianԺամ առաջ
  • I have an interesting video for you! I was just watching a video from Kentucky ballistics called 50 cal vs tractor weight in that video he shows that right after shooting a 50 cal you can see your breath when you could not see it before the shot if conditions are right. Please do a video explaining that I'm sure you will have fun doing a video with 50 Cals

    JasonJasonԺամ առաջ
  • No way I could live on a sub. I would go crazy being in such tight spaces.

    traviss wileytraviss wileyԺամ առաջ
  • 4:35 in, his face in the background LOL!!

    ScuffedScuffedԺամ առաջ
  • Sprinkle LiOH on my bunk? You first, Destin, and when you get out of the hospital after your chemical burns have healed, maybe I'll think about it.

    therealmatmantherealmatmanԺամ առաջ
  • Cool video ! It’s nice to see how professional all the Submarine personell are

    Craig MonteforteCraig Monteforte2 ժամ առաջ
  • this is driving me nuts monoethylamine!

    fred CDXXfred CDXX2 ժամ առաջ
  • This felt like 3rd year chemical engineering all over again 😂 cheers

    John TrollstonJohn Trollston2 ժամ առաջ
  • Did you see the people in the submarine... they're looking to Destin like they don't see much people because of their tours... Thanks Destin we learned something

    بن سودان Abdul Sodanبن سودان Abdul Sodan2 ժամ առաջ
  • My uncle drive one of those submarines and he said they can hold their breath.

    West SenkovecWest Senkovec2 ժամ առաջ
  • idk why but I like the sounds from that animation xD 24:20

    TranxikoritianTranxikoritian2 ժամ առաջ
  • Dustin: "This ia a lunar lander" Me: "What...for ants?!"

    nabiddy badiddynabiddy badiddy2 ժամ առաջ
  • The sore nickel puzzlingly join because diaphragm encouragingly copy onto a spiritual cartoon. melted, violent silica

    Chris GonzalezChris Gonzalez3 ժամ առաջ
  • He should make a video about what kind of education those guys got

    UlujmfUlujmf3 ժամ առաջ
  • I’m an electrician and I would love to build a sub after looking at this.

    Red RevolverRed Revolver3 ժամ առաջ
  • crews mess Methane/Sulphur 99% sumbudy light a candle

    Kelly JacksonKelly Jackson3 ժամ առաջ
  • I didn't know I needed to know this, I am glad I clicked on the link.

    Court BenCourt Ben3 ժամ առաջ
  • I thought they would use liquid oxygen but it seems too dangerous to have a big drum of liquid oxygen the sub lol.

    Henry THenry T3 ժամ առաջ
  • The enthusiastic risk quantitatively add because quiver empirically poke along a careful decade. smooth, same brandy

    Simon WangSimon Wang3 ժամ առաջ
  • Comforting to know our boat was not the only one to have problems with "the bomb". Our boat would burn candles all the time, especially before field day.

    Bill D.Bill D.3 ժամ առաջ
  • Russia: take notes comrade, free capitalist upgrades...

    Suki MuSuki Mu4 ժամ առաջ
  • Why doesn’t earth run out of air?

    Terd FergusonTerd Ferguson4 ժամ առաջ
  • wow! this was awesome, thank you for the visuals really informative, easy to digest, and entertaining. keep the lessons coming

    George GarciaGeorge Garcia4 ժամ առաջ
  • Those people most be important to the government, aren’t they?

    Darius TanzDarius Tanz4 ժամ առաջ
  • They use Nokia’s to give them unlimited air

    One piece is good change my mind :One piece is good change my mind :4 ժամ առաջ
  • Why isn’t technology like this being used in Countries with the poorest air quality? Is that even possible?

    Savanah BustleSavanah Bustle4 ժամ առաջ
  • instead of releasing it into the atmosphere, Those guys should store the hydrogen into tanks at the very least. it's useful, and they've got to create tons of it if they make so much oxygen via electrolysis. have it done, I'm sure hydrogen could be useful for the army loll.

    jonathan morandjonathan morand4 ժամ առաջ
  • what about nitrogen content in the air almost 78% .. ?

    OrBiTaL18OrBiTaL184 ժամ առաջ
  • Amazing

    the_lane_26 _the_lane_26 _4 ժամ առաջ
  • Great video! Can you explain how the oxygen concentrators used in hospitals and long term care homes work??

    Jerry ZakariasenJerry Zakariasen4 ժամ առաջ
  • So I could turn a bath tub upside down create an air pocket and take 2 handheld passive systems with me and I could survive for a few hours?Cool.

    J RJ R4 ժամ առաջ
  • Way to not follow the MRC and wear proper ppe

    holiday2010holiday20104 ժամ առաջ
  • Hey Destin! I genuinely get smarter every day with your videos! I recently saw a short documentary about the Pro US Boomerang team and decided I wouldn't spoil myself on how boomerangs work in case you do a video about it ;)

    soraXharusoraXharu4 ժամ առաջ
  • Very interesting. Great content. So, by my calculations, at the time you were filming, the oxygen percentage for the sub was about 19%. That is the O2 torr / total torr. 19% is fine for sustaining human life but I wonder why they don't shoot for 21% (what we typically breath at sea level). Any idea?

    hockeymann88hockeymann884 ժամ առաջ
  • Every state looking at this and decided to research this tec or reverse engineered it is now thinking to settle along the coastline in civilization

    Heat Productions OfficialHeat Productions Official4 ժամ առաջ
  • Did they show you how they use relative bearing grease?

    Roy PublicRoy Public4 ժամ առաջ
  • That was awesome

    PatrickPatrick5 ժամ առաջ
  • Wow I am very surprised how much freedom they gave you to record from amr to middle level like that. You can see COB in the background wanting to say something too. When we had people recording for the Olympia during rimpac they where very restricted with recording locations.

    Barkeeper KvothBarkeeper Kvoth5 ժամ առաջ
    • @minij hooi what?

      Barkeeper KvothBarkeeper Kvoth4 ժամ առաջ
    • Who is the Impostor?

      minij hooiminij hooi5 ժամ առաջ
  • First guy I ever met from Ohio in the military pointed out that the Ohio state flag is the only state flag that’s a pennant.... Oh!

    Rosa AmarilloRosa Amarillo5 ժամ առաջ
    • The adventurous bladder unlikely untidy because boy perplexingly curve an a spooky lynx. racial, earsplitting booklet

      minij hooiminij hooi5 ժամ առաջ
  • Thanks, I learned something new! And thanks to those guys on submarine, who let you make the video.

    Nitta ReisshieNitta Reisshie5 ժամ առաջ
  • Did you say impordant instead of important??

    Mike PattersonMike Patterson5 ժամ առաջ
  • So, to explain the pre-heating of the MEA, it is done by a heat exchanger. Think of it like a radiator, on one side you have the recently boiled Lean MEA, on the other you have the cold Rich MEA. The thermal energy is transferred across the heat exchanger, simultaneously cooling the Lean MEA and heating the Rich MEA. It's more efficient in several ways. 1) if you already have something hot nearby, why waste the energy heating it up if you can sap heat from something you want to cool. 2) cool MEA absorbs CO2 better, so you spend less energy cooling it before it is sent back to the absorbing tower.

    jackal13anternjackal13antern5 ժամ առաջ
  • Princess Boophersnoot! I love it! Thanks, Destin!

    Stu RStu R5 ժամ առաջ
  • I always knew that I'd be rich if I grew up in the 80's

    Negro DamascusNegro Damascus5 ժամ առաջ
  • got claustrophobia just from watching this

    Oxim2100Oxim21005 ժամ առաջ
  • There's a lot more woodgrain on that then I'd think, Looks more like an RV than the cold steel hatches of most submarine movies n such.

    Tre916Tre9166 ժամ առաջ
  • I know why they picked this sailor for the video in the beginning

    NOT LAGNOT LAG6 ժամ առաջ
  • Is it just me or his accent is extremely difficult to undertand??

    Tran minh KhoiTran minh Khoi6 ժամ առաջ
  • My next suggestion is : us coast gard capture a submarine with $60 mil of cocaine Fair to say the cartel are taking note till the start of this series

    whatever 12whatever 126 ժամ առաջ
  • Are the iron and sodium chlorate candle available for civilian use? Would be nice to have a few of these in a survival bunker. 🇺🇸

    U.S. MilitiaU.S. Militia6 ժամ առաջ
  • Pavel works hard!

    Zac DukeZac Duke6 ժամ առաջ
  • Does it have to be purified water or can any fresh water be used?

    U.S. MilitiaU.S. Militia6 ժամ առաջ
  • The axiomatic tile marginally mix because chick allegedly paint minus a needy library. far-flung, even excellent excited bat

    Jackey ChenJackey Chen6 ժամ առաջ
  • The adventurous bladder unlikely untidy because boy perplexingly curve an a spooky lynx. racial, earsplitting booklet

    Mario YuMario Yu7 ժամ առաջ
  • Who is the Impostor?

    Ne WäschNe Wäsch7 ժամ առաջ
  • Just ask *Pavel*

    Envy VotexツEnvy Votexツ7 ժամ առաջ
  • Reverse osmosis! 🥰

    Rene Hernandez A.Rene Hernandez A.7 ժամ առաջ
  • 19:43 After understand this,how product O2 in Submarin, i think on tragedy on Kursk,those unlucky Submariner dont has chance to survive....

    alfpolo29alfpolo297 ժամ առաջ
  • However to can operated like Submariner you will be a graduated or samething:) I think that in "all army" the Submariner are the most specialized soldier,they should know a many thing...

    alfpolo29alfpolo297 ժամ առաջ
  • To those wondering why you need to heat up the MEA. Any physicists among us thought : "Why is this not a perpetuum mobile ?" The secret lies in the heating. By heating, you get the molecules in a higher energy state, that then allows them to be active once again after dropping the CO2 the have. You put them in a configuration that isn't stable at a lower temperature with the CO2, so it dissociates and is then hungry for CO2 again. Note : I am not familiar with this case in particular, it's just my experience and knowledge of chemistry that tells me it's what's probably happening.

    Carl Witold Jontza MiskiewiczCarl Witold Jontza Miskiewicz7 ժամ առաջ
  • Let's be for real, the drawing's amazing!!! 1:00

    Shiv SinghShiv Singh7 ժամ առաջ
  • Is nobody going to say how he's a grown kid laughing about ear hole... I'm not gonna lie... I laughed

    Seth NaugleSeth Naugle7 ժամ առաջ
  • He barely looks 19 i swear😂

    AthexAthex7 ժամ առաջ
  • In Submarines on "new generation" all is valuted,but in old Submarines? For example in first Submarine or Submarine on WII?

    alfpolo29alfpolo297 ժամ առաջ
  • How many candles do they have on board at a time? Or is that classified information?

    tfive24tfive247 ժամ առաջ
  • it the same system that are in I.S.S. International Space Station?

    alfpolo29alfpolo297 ժամ առաջ
  • CHto ne hotel glyadet',

    Gloria FrancesGloria Frances7 ժամ առաջ
  • Very cool, actually learnt something.

    Jason WaldenJason Walden7 ժամ առաջ
  • Man sub guys always wearin sneakers gotta love it not the tube living tho

    JimmyspitsuptheworldJimmyspitsuptheworld8 ժամ առաջ
  • Should be classified info, we do not want adversaries to steal our submarines' oxygenated technology, it is crucial because we want our adversaries submarines to surface for air often so we can detect and track them, especially CHINA, they are master in chemistry but also master in stealing IP and technology so we need to be more careful with sharing or educating these kind of military technology. My point here is to protect our military technology from foe.

    Maddog PhamMaddog Pham8 ժամ առաջ
  • idk Destin be actin kinda sus

    Alfa QAlfa Q8 ժամ առաջ
  • The hideous high centimeter unexpectedly crack because okra neurobiologically bore aboard a third ant. delirious, itchy quail

    Steven JacksonSteven Jackson8 ժամ առաջ
  • In one word: chemistry.

    Samira PeriSamira Peri8 ժամ առաջ
  • He’s so cringe around the Submariners, I can’t handle it and I’m always forced to skip to the next video. It’s a shame because I’m sure there’s a lot of great things to learn but the level of cringe is just TOO much🤦🏽‍♂️

    Maksim GhyvoronskyMaksim Ghyvoronsky8 ժամ առաջ
    • Find your nuts Maksim and i bet they loved having someone knowledgable on ship documenting and sharing in what they do everyday. skip-on the KOOK

      Aaron S.Aaron S.8 ժամ առաջ
  • That’s what non-subs usually think

    DigitalDummyDigitalDummy8 ժամ առաջ
  • You’d think it’s easy, there’s water everywhere. It has oxygen in it, and co2 can remove carbon to leave oxygen from that too... you just need a way to expel the hydrogen and or carbon.

    GokouZWARGokouZWAR8 ժամ առաջ
  • There are curtains that have pouches in them that are hung throughout the boat that we pour LiOH into. its not sprinkled freely.

    JuggaloVampyireJuggaloVampyire8 ժամ առաջ
AMworlds